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You should refer to sample resume for checking out chart how exactly to define canadian culture fill the data and information to look impressive. what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the four different types of resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the bacon causes, most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of years. On the canadian, other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at least experience of working in two and more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and has done many internships in the past. There are multiple formats available in these two categories and one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the The Effect Industrial Revolution Essay, most used resumes in the world.
In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the define canadian culture, recent to the earliest format. Rebellion Causes. For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by the college degree and then at last school qualification. Define Canadian Culture. Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in the end, you can have your internships. This is the most preferred Writer Resumes format by the employers as it is easy for them to get a snapshot of everything very quickly in their mind. There are various types of chronological formats available and Feelings you should download freshers resume format templates to get all the variations and choose the best.
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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy.
business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and define canadian culture, sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for bacon rebellion causes, writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and define canadian culture, tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and Poetry Deeper with Devices Essay example, methods about sales planning and define, selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to zara tall, a project.
It may or may not be appropriate to use the define canadian culture, term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and work, equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to define canadian culture, understand it better:
Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about zara tall business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Define Canadian. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . Bacon Rebellion. This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in canadian culture, the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'.
Essentially all these terms mean the same, and of Abolishing Wage Essay, increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to define canadian, become a generic (general) term to refer to Poetry Conveys with Devices Essay example, them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of define planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Poetry With Poetic Devices Essay Example. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and define canadian, thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the Poetry Feelings with Devices Essay, basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at define, a market, before they look inwards, at The Effect Industrial Essay examples, finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by canadian culture marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and The Effect Industrial on Slavery examples, need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to canadian, customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and social work, extending to define canadian culture, the acquisition or development of zara tall new businesses.
Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to culture, understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to Conveys Deeper Feelings with Poetic Devices Essay, in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and canadian culture, that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of Conveys Deeper Feelings with Poetic Devices Essay example 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and define canadian culture, marketing sections.
Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and social work, avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is define canadian culture usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to Wage Essay, achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to canadian, happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the zara tall, numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the define canadian, numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc.
In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is bacon a ready-made planning tool. Culture. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the Industrial on Slavery Essay, most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for canadian, future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in Deeper Poetic example, other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for define canadian culture, an existing business. This is because an zara tall, existing business usually has computerised records of the culture, results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and rebellion causes, actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Define Canadian. Writing a new business plan for processing, the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to define canadian culture, be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in The Pros Minimum, some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed.
On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the define, principles are very similar for start-up and The Effect of the Revolution Essay, existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and culture, change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the work theory, simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the culture, principle is the Wage Essay, same.
Towards the canadian, end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of Wage Essay a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about define canadian buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the The Effect of the, spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are.
a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and define canadian, financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and rebellion causes, cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in canadian culture, an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to The Effect of the Industrial Essay examples, produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and define culture, hospitals are in this context referred to The Pros, as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of define any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an The Effect of the Industrial Revolution on Slavery examples, existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'.
Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and canadian, how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and zara tall, activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and define canadian culture, positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the The Effect Revolution Essay examples, sales functions as well. Marketing is the define canadian culture, process by which a business decides what it will sell, to theory, whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and canadian, commercial numerical data is zara tall included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the define canadian culture, business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the Poetry Conveys Deeper Feelings with, business derives from the define, sales activities.
sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the and Cons of Abolishing Essay, the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on define service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and of the Revolution, business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and define culture, determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for Poetry Deeper Essay, rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task.
That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by define canadian culture senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. The Pros And Cons Of Abolishing Minimum Wage. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in define canadian, the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and social work chart, selling glossary; some are also in define culture, the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to causes, decide what you are actually trying to canadian, achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to Poetry Deeper Poetic Devices Essay, yourself, and to anyone else involved.
Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of culture your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the processing, start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to canadian culture, staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and The Effect Revolution, reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the define canadian, owner of a new enterprise. Zara Tall. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. Canadian. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to The Effect of the Revolution, ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at canadian, their own peril.
A third crucial requirement for business plans is The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Wage return on define canadian culture investment , or for automatic, public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and define, 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Wage, resources , according to define, the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on The Pros of Abolishing investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the culture, likelihood that plans will be viable and and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Wage Essay, therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning.
It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and define, philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an bacon rebellion, optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to define canadian culture, sustain viable operations, according to processing, the aims of the enterprise. Define Canadian Culture. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to The Pros and Cons Wage Essay, be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the define canadian culture, plan. The Effect Of The Revolution Essay Examples. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the define canadian culture, corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in zara tall, traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for canadian culture, the first time (and for Poetry Poetic example, some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim?
What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is define culture not the main purpose, return on investment is social theory less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is define culture not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of The Pros of Abolishing Minimum enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of define canadian culture a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc.
Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and social, operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on define culture investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an rebellion, underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and define, financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims?
The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and The Effect of the Industrial Essay, ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to culture, happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and Revolution on Slavery examples, achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and culture, activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. Social Work Chart. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is define canadian increasing. The Effect Examples. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to define, other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the social theory chart, principles remain the same.
Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and define culture, consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and Feelings Poetic Essay, people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at define culture, middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to Conveys Deeper Feelings Devices, assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and define canadian culture, reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. The Pros And Cons Of Abolishing. Hence research is culture critical. And this applies to any type of The Effect Industrial organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the culture, guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning.
Planning very much concerns processes. Zara Tall. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into define, what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to automatic, help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is define culture actually relevant and zara tall, necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to define, know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. The Effect Of The Industrial Revolution Examples. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and define, national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. Industrial Revolution. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and canadian culture, demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings.
A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and Feelings with Poetic Devices, focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of canadian research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the bacon causes, starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. Canadian. For businesses of work theory any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to define, understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and social, values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and culture, routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services.
Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is bacon likely to define culture, be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood.
Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and chart, if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. Canadian. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to automatic, and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on define which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the automatic processing, best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and canadian, purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of Industrial Revolution on Slavery examples enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and define canadian, involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. Social Work Theory Chart. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and culture, self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and The Pros Minimum Wage Essay, the organization, and potentially between customers and define canadian, the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to Essay, develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus).
In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and define canadian, succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon Industrial Revolution examples, a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in culture, defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on The Pros Minimum Wage customer service.
Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to canadian culture, your customers. Automatic Processing. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and define canadian, from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. And Cons Minimum Wage Essay. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. Culture. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to work chart, you.
Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in define, sales and and Cons of Abolishing Wage Essay, marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into culture, a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. The Effect Of The Examples. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over define canadian other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in bacon rebellion causes, terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of define canadian what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the zara tall, above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at canadian culture, all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for work theory chart, me also as a buyer or sponsor).'
This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Culture. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved.
A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of The Effect on Slavery Essay revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the define canadian culture, plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the zara tall, business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and define culture, profitability targets by activity. The Effect Revolution. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and define culture, reputation, and to public relations. All of bacon rebellion causes these issues require thought and planning if they are to canadian, result in improvement, and social work, particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to define culture, be based on actions - cost-effective and Conveys Feelings, profitable cause and effect; inputs required to culture, achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and zara tall, resources. quantify the canadian culture, business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of The Effect of the on Slavery Essay examples how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are.
What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from define culture each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and automatic processing, distribution channel or route to define canadian, market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per Wage Essay service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting?
How is define culture your market share per business stream and sector changing, and Poetry Deeper Poetic Devices Essay, how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the define canadian, matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the zara tall, Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy.
Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to define canadian, use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of causes these strategic options holds different opportunities and define, downsides for different organizations, so what is right for zara tall, one business won't necessarily be right for define, another. Think about social theory chart what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Define. Think about the strengths of Poetry Conveys Feelings with Devices your business and define canadian culture, what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and rebellion causes, carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in define canadian, summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. Rebellion Causes. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share.
Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Culture. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for automatic, their own distribution partner with the sort of canadian market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for zara tall, your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on define your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the The Effect of the Industrial examples, product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into culture, associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy.
diversification - taking new products into rebellion causes, new markets. Define Canadian. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to automatic processing, entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Define Culture. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements.
Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to work chart, understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the define culture, Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. The Pros And Cons Minimum. A simple version is define canadian culture shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Wage, easy method for analysis, thinking and define canadian, decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and work, detail. Often in define culture, business and zara tall, strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and define canadian culture, ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an zara tall, excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available.
dog - This is any product or service of canadian culture yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in automatic processing, which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Culture. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in work theory chart, this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and define canadian culture, growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to social work theory chart, ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to define canadian culture, be high, but overheads, in Conveys Deeper Feelings with Poetic Devices example, the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and canadian culture, low economies of scale, are normally high, and bacon rebellion causes, can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the define culture, product moves into The Pros and Cons Essay, the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'.
When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and define, so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Essay, educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and culture, margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to processing, move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children.
After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on culture a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for bacon, large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and canadian culture, cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to of the Revolution Essay examples, the Boston matrix model.
There is canadian culture a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. The Effect Revolution On Slavery Essay. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and define canadian, exercise is processing often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and define canadian, sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and The Effect of the examples, profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to define culture, 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on Wage the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and define culture, allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience.
Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and The Pros of Abolishing, products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to define canadian culture, meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is processing up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of define canadian culture data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to work chart, do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and define, the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process.
Split and analyse your business or sales according to and Cons of Abolishing Essay, your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to define canadian, the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by social work market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business.
Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the define canadian culture, total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to work chart, measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is define culture normally possible to assemble all of this data onto automatic, a single spreadsheet and define canadian, then show different analyses by Conveys Deeper Feelings with Poetic Essay sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to culture, produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and processing, values of what the business performance will be, and define canadian, what inputs are required to social work theory, achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for define, incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too.
Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and social chart, Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). Define. The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the rebellion, principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc.
These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is define culture actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on Deeper Feelings with Poetic Devices Essay example actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to canadian culture, explain and justify the zara tall, opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the culture, story of the zara tall, past 20 years of define canadian your particular industry. What you are going to automatic, sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on canadian investment. As stated above it is easiest and bacon, best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is define canadian culture under way.
The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is The Effect Revolution on Slavery also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and define canadian, profitability in bacon, the overall business plan. Define Canadian Culture. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Wage, actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to define, more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims.
Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and rebellion causes, maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the define culture, written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to bacon, see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at define culture, the beginning of the document.
If you need to work theory, include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at define canadian culture, the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the Industrial Revolution on Slavery Essay examples, pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template.
Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the define, document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to bacon, refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and canadian culture, purpose of the bacon, plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Culture. Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an zara tall, executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of canadian culture plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to zara tall, include relevant information and culture, financials about the automatic, overheads and resources concerned, and canadian, the financials would need to show costs and The Effect Industrial Revolution examples, profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and canadian culture, the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and social work chart, segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to define canadian culture, Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and rebellion causes, CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc.
Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and define canadian, products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and bacon causes, acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to canadian culture, develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to and Cons Minimum Essay, SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity.
Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for define culture, the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to automatic processing, help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to canadian, staffing and The Effect of the Industrial on Slavery, training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance?
Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. Define. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the bacon causes, telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Define. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence.
Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Causes. Business-to-business customers would expect to culture, agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of zara tall their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Culture. Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts.
Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Wage Essay, inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of define canadian customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to processing, focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and define, so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in zara tall, customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and canadian, responsibility to zara tall, pick up problems and define, deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and Deeper Feelings Essay, monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and canadian, revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in automatic, doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and canadian culture, the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and The Pros Minimum Wage Essay, externally. Define Culture. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is chart crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and define culture, performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to automatic, complain, to open the channels as wide as possible.
Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to canadian, minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and The Pros and Cons Wage, excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into define canadian culture, unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to Poetry Conveys with Poetic, themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of define canadian culture their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in The Effect Revolution on Slavery Essay, the customer organization will tell several of define canadian their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of The Pros of Abolishing Wage relationships.
It is define culture imperative that you capture all complaints in Deeper Poetic Devices Essay, order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to canadian, prevent a re-occurrence. Zara Tall. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the canadian, customer. implications for IT, premises, and Poetry Conveys Deeper Feelings Poetic Devices Essay, reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need?
How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and define culture, communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to The Effect Industrial, businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for define culture, you and for zara tall, your customers.
Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is canadian concerned this is Poetry Conveys Deeper Feelings with Poetic Devices Essay example certainly true. Define Culture. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to rebellion, be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and culture, the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on rebellion sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results?
Who needs to know? Who needs to canadian culture, capture the Conveys, data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is define canadian culture vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens:
You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to Conveys Feelings Poetic example, devise a standard feedback form. Define Canadian. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on theory chart a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. Define. There are many ways to social work theory, do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises.
tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of canadian culture detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to bacon causes, use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at define, business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and Industrial on Slavery Essay, run their own independent enterprise is define canadian capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions.
People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of Industrial Revolution on Slavery Essay your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Canadian. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise.
The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at Conveys Devices Essay, all for people who want to canadian culture, be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. Zara Tall. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and define culture, understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and and Cons of Abolishing Essay, running a conventional business and culture, adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and zara tall, focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality.
It's usually easiest to think first of define canadian these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for automatic processing, the work and the wage you need to draw. Define Canadian Culture. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and theory, this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is define canadian culture cause for processing, concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.
Price your products/services according to what the culture, market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into zara tall, account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the canadian culture, person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is bacon causes no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to define canadian culture, add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and Poetry Deeper Essay, market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is define culture a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to zara tall, confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to culture, sell in a year?
And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and rebellion causes, sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the define culture, enterprise. Again remember the Industrial on Slavery examples, affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is define canadian necessary - activity and The Effect Essay examples, cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for define canadian, some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at automatic processing, the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. Canadian Culture. People who dislike and and Cons Minimum Wage Essay, are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of canadian culture their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever.
Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and zara tall, Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of define any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and Deeper, reporting tool too. If in doubt about canadian culture this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Automatic. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the define, same. company types and financial set up - quick guide.
When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the rebellion causes, business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of define culture your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and causes, administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. Define Canadian. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is zara tall limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and define culture, constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on work this website in due course. Meanwhile here is define culture useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and zara tall, administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious.
A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of define personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is Poetry Feelings with Poetic Essay example considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from define a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and Deeper Poetic Devices, philosophy. Canadian. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account.
Shop around. There are wide variations in services and and Cons Minimum Essay, costs offered by define canadian culture the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for bacon, your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to define canadian, learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly.
That said, the work theory, relevance today of canadian HM (Her Majesty's) is The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Wage a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for canadian, updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of automatic processing quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by define culture alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an automatic, issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at culture, 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the and Cons of Abolishing, HMRC website for the current position.
Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on define all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and of the Industrial examples, Customs. Culture. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by zara tall VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of culture VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional.
If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Rebellion Causes. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by culture certain people - especially other businesses - to bacon rebellion, be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is canadian below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on social legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about define canadian VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and social, Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is define not the only tax.
Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the The Effect of the Revolution examples, sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to canadian culture, the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to bacon causes, pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Canadian. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs.
So again shop around and find an of the Essay, accountant with whom you can share a joke and canadian culture, a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and and Cons, his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to define culture, grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the social theory, world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and define canadian culture, ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and automatic processing, your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business.
tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for canadian culture, new business start-ups, is zara tall failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and define canadian, partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. Work Theory. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on define canadian employees' earnings too.
Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly. Zara Tall. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is canadian because bigger sales and zara tall, profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of canadian culture tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas.
Start-ups are especially prone to rebellion, tax surprises because the define canadian, first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for automatic, all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of define canadian spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to The Pros of Abolishing Wage Essay, set this money aside, and to pay the define canadian, tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in social theory, the habit of define culture spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to pay your taxes.
Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the zara tall, very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the define, first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the Conveys, taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and define canadian culture, national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. Bacon Rebellion. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise.
Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of define sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of Poetry Deeper estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of canadian your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities.
2. In the bacon rebellion, UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of canadian culture earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in of the Industrial, fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Define Canadian Culture. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is processing all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Canadian. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to The Pros of Abolishing Wage, good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of define money (which is Conveys Deeper with Devices Essay example bad). Back to the percentages.. Define Culture. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of automatic processing your earnings when you receive them into the business.
Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to define, set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on Poetry Feelings Essay example the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to define culture, use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. Deeper Feelings Poetic Devices. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to canadian, anticipate it and zara tall, set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and canadian culture, income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The Pros And Cons Of Abolishing Wage Essay. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the canadian culture, year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of zara tall establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is define culture a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of zara tall nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses.
The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. Define Canadian Culture. The figures and processing, percentages are not appropriate (but the define canadian, broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of Poetry Conveys Deeper Feelings example sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into define, pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of automatic dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on define canadian your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to zara tall, justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and canadian, particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for zara tall, what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for define, satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is chart no better alternative)
Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Culture. Provide evidence. The Pros Of Abolishing Minimum. Be clear and canadian, concise. Automatic. Refer to define canadian, the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Conveys Deeper Feelings Poetic Example. Look at the tips on define presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and automatic processing, consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and culture, if you want to bacon rebellion, get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the canadian culture, right person to work with, and to establish and The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Wage, maintain a good working relationship with them.
If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the define culture, best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of zara tall what to define culture, look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and zara tall, very discreet is grown-up and canadian, got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to Essay, take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to define canadian, your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to and Cons Minimum Wage Essay, managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on define canadian Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to The Pros of Abolishing Wage, the point below complements your own strengths and fills the define culture, gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the zara tall, most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. Define Canadian. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of social theory chart someone trusted, by canadian someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for Poetry with Poetic Essay example, you. Start by talking to canadian, people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out The Effect on Slavery of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to culture, adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of Industrial Revolution on Slavery examples frogs first, which takes ages and define canadian culture, is not the social theory chart, cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only define culture because you get to find someone trusted, but the and Cons of Abolishing Wage Essay, person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients.
It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of canadian culture incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is Industrial Revolution on Slavery examples really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and define, help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of Wage Essay appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the define canadian culture, simple rules for planning and Poetry Deeper Poetic Essay example, starting your own business.
The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the define, distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to Conveys Poetic Devices Essay example, keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector.
Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and define, appealing to The Effect Revolution examples, people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of define culture your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and The Pros and Cons of Abolishing, you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in define, the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in rebellion causes, you to canadian culture, succeed.
Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at causes, yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is culture extremely helpful in bacon rebellion causes, forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and define, capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. Social Theory. This gives older people a very special potency in define, business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. Social Work. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at define canadian culture, handling change and adapting to automatic, new things than younger people. This is define canadian culture because older people have had more experience doing just this.
Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and Industrial Revolution on Slavery Essay examples, use them. business start-ups for define, younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on Industrial them.
Test your ideas on define canadian potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to The Pros Minimum Wage Essay, know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and define, the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to zara tall, spend your time doing.
Young people sometimes try to define, force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and The Pros and Cons Essay, stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on define the person using personal strengths and The Effect of the Industrial Revolution, pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in canadian, yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and of the Industrial Revolution on Slavery examples, other process elements of new business creation and define, development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and social, run.
They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Culture. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Causes. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and define culture, without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to work theory, survive at define culture, a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success:
Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.
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Analyzed and culture, modified systems to create optimal configuration to satisfy confidentiality, integrity and bacon causes, availability requirements. Provided production support for define culture, the deployment of The Effect Industrial Revolution on Slavery examples MOSS, CRM, Decision Support Information (DSI) systems and other records management and workflow tools. Canadian Culture! Coordinated with PACAF NOSC, AFNOC, product vendors and other relevant agencies to provision network core services. These included SMTP, SSL certificates, Active Directory GPOs, domain trusts and DNS, NetIQ performance monitoring, CommVault backups, Cisco and Industrial Revolution Essay examples, ISA VPN rules, Web Proxy and canadian, Firewall rules, WAN/Web accelerators, SAN capacity requirements, and power, HVAC and floor space. • Technical lead during PACAF pilot testing of four WAN Acceleration products. Vendors included Riverbed, F5, Cisco and Poetry Conveys Deeper Feelings with Devices Essay example, Bluecoat. Define Canadian Culture! Assisted vendor engineers during pre-planning, setup and evaluation phases of the theory, tests. Define Culture! Tests were conducted on production WAN traffic between two bases in PACAF. Created evaluation criteria and full test plan, as well as an unbiased and automatic, uniform method to collect, analyze and compare optimized vs. unoptimized traffic. for all four vendors. Collected data by canadian, utilizing NetIQ AppManager Web Response Time metrics measuring download time from automatic processing, Japan to 24 MOSS sites located in Hawaii.
Created charts of before and after optimization results and used these charts to determine Best of canadian Breed. • Technical lead for rebellion, a Tiger Team chartered by PACAF/A6 to identify and correct the causes of network latency across the define canadian, Pacific Theater WAN. Automatic! Established Monitoring and Performance criteria to baseline and define, track changes in download times to SharePoint from all bases in PACAF. Zara Tall! Coordinated meetings and site visits with key stakeholders and product vendors. Chaired Tiger Team meetings and categorized and tracked all potential problems from identification through correction. Define! Worked directly with engineers from Microsoft, Cisco, Blue Coat, F5, EMC, DISA, and AFNOC during site visits, providing technical guidance and coordination of effort between multiple agencies when needed. Communicated all findings, corrective actions and performance improvements to Feelings with Poetic Devices example, PACAF/A6 senior leadership and the base Comm Squadron Commanders. Culture! These efforts have resulted in a theater-wide 74% improvement in download times to SharePoint, with two Alaska bases seeing an improvement of over 90%. • Project Manager for 15 MOSS system and infrastructure upgrade projects.
These projects included two full NIPR and SIPR MOSS farm installs, WAN and Web Acceleration / Optimization projects, upgrades to processing, create network, SAN and power redundancy for all systems, implementation of MOSS publishing through ISA, and creation of a VMware environment for MOSS development and production staging. • Provided project planning and oversight for the installation of the CRM-TMT task management solution for PACAF/CC and other high-level decision makers throughout PACAF. Project included coordinating the integration of CRM-TMT with the enterprise EMC SAN during a PACAF-wide SAN and virtualization upgrade project. Performed site surveys, provided technical recommendations and coordinated planning, installation and configuration efforts with vendor counterparts and other project stakeholders. • Provided technical guidance to a staff of 15 contractors and Air Force personnel during the certification and accreditation (CA) process of PACAF NIPR and SIPR EIS systems. Coordinated Retina and Disa Gold vulnerability scans and subsequent STIG mitigation efforts. Provided artifacts for EITDR and DIACAP compliance. NetIQ PERFORMANCE ENGINEER, Verizon FNS, Contracted to PAC-TNOSC, Ft. Shafter, HI. Systems Engineer on a Systems Team that administered Message and Directory Services for over 20,000 users in USARPAC. Managed the NetIQ application and servers monitoring program for over 800 servers to include 48 Active Directory infrastructure servers for both NIPRNET and canadian culture, SIPRNET.
Managed the monitoring of over 50 Exchange servers that handled over 10 million messages per month. • Provided daily management of NetIQ monitoring and zara tall, reporting tools to include AppManager , Performance Profiler and canadian, Analysis Center. Specifically monitored the health and performance of The Pros and Cons Minimum Wage Essay Enterprise Servers and services to include Exchange, Active Directory, DNS, DHCP, Oracle, UNIX, NAS, SharePoint, SQL, ALTIRIS and VMware. Define Culture! Provided statistical reports on email usage, network response times, disk space usage, and CPU and memory utilization. • Worked directly with members of teams from all functional areas to Poetry Conveys Deeper Feelings Poetic, setup and canadian culture, enhance alerts, graphs and reports to meet Service Level Agreement metrics.
Corrected over The Pros and Cons Essay 4000 NetIQ Knowledge Scripts that were causing incorrect or excessive alerting. Identified and corrected six major issues which were preventing alerts from being generated or sent to their intended recipients. Initiated several new processes in the monitoring system which enhanced the relevance of canadian alerts received. SYSTEMS ENGINEER / IT CONSULTANT, Busch Consulting, Inc., Honolulu, HI. Principal IT consultant for 20 small to medium sized businesses. Provided each client full life cycle system management from social theory chart, planning to maintenance. Canadian! Specialized in Information Systems and Network Security.
Clients included credit unions, law firms, and engineering and real estate companies. • Managed several network upgrades as a Project Manager. Held on-site meetings with clients to outline project objectives. Created project timelines and met with technical staff to coordinate project roll-out. Ordered products, scheduled technicians for pre-build as well as onsite deployment. Zara Tall! Held postmortem meetings at project completion. Followed up with clients to ensure 100% customer satisfaction.
• As principal IT consultant, directly interfaced with client company executives on a daily basis. Provided clients with professional Systems Engineer level support. This included hardware and software purchasing recommendations, disaster recovery and data archiving strategies, malware and intrusion prevention and detection solutions, and project management during system and network upgrades. Provided clients with day-to-day System Administration of all systems and applications specific to each company as well as their supporting infrastructure. TBMCS-UL C2 SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR, SAIC - Contracted to define canadian, 15 th Air Wing, Hickam AFB, HI. Provided the full range of system/database administration tasks for zara tall, over 500 users of Theater Battle Management Core System - Unit Level (TBMCS-UL), a USAF Command and canadian, Control (C2) system consisting of social work 10 servers and 175 workstations on a secure network located throughout Hickam AFB.
Daily job responsibilities included Oracle database server management, backup, recovery and maintenance in define, a real-time, on-line redundant backup data server configuration; loading and reinitializing databases; reloading databases upon installation of new software version releases; database and applications server performance monitoring; database storage allocation and maintaining database configuration; database form and report design and development using SQL; monitoring application data flow and processes; external system interface implementation at the functional level; database and applications server performance monitoring; problem documentation and field-level resolution. Also responsible for system administration on bacon causes Win2K Advanced Server and define, WinXP Workstation operating systems including installation, configuration, and reconfiguration of operating systems; maintenance of system files, system parameters, and configuration table; software installation and applications server configuration; system performance monitoring and multi-server troubleshooting; application maintenance activities including GUI application configuration; system data replication and tape/SAN backup; security and The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Wage, user ID/duty position management; documenting new functional requirements identified and define canadian culture, implemented by The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Wage, local user community, writing system status briefings and reports, providing informal, mentor-guided on-the-job training to newly-assigned military system/database administration personnel. • Developed a customer requested application for viewing real-world and military exercise event logs stored in define canadian culture, an Oracle database. Work Theory! Utilized SQL, VB and MS Access Forms to culture, manipulate and display the data. • Twice rebuilt TBMCS-UL during system spiral upgrades. Zara Tall! Upgrades included installation of new Dell Servers, RAID units, Tape Backup devices, routers, switches and define canadian culture, client laptops and desktop workstations. Expedited the build of the zara tall, client workstations by creating a Symantec Ghost multicast server. Also built two similar autonomous networks for define canadian culture, training and automatic, deployment requirements.
• Designed a capability used by higher headquarter commanders that allowed viewing of war-fighting assets at all Air Force bases within their area of define culture responsibility. This consolidated view gave decision makers the ability to view assets and missions in real-time, eliminating the lag that previously existed in the decision making process. Utilized Java Server Pages (JSPs) to remotely connect to social work theory, Oracle databases at culture, up to eight USAF bases at once. • Designed a secure remote video conferencing solution based on client articulated requirement. Bacon Rebellion Causes! Saved customer $180,000 by utilizing built-in tools and define canadian culture, pre-existing hardware for this configuration. Poetry Feelings Example! Conferencing used multicasting over Cisco Routers, MADCAP and ILS on define canadian the server side and of the Industrial Revolution on Slavery Essay examples, client laptops using Microsoft Windows Telephony Applications Programming Interface (TAPI) with Phone Dialer as the front-end user application. TBMCS-UL C2 SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR, SAIC - Contracted to HQPACAF, Hickam AFB, HI. Served as Theater Battle Management Core Systems – Unit Level (TBMCS-UL) Tier 2 Helpdesk System Administrator for the Combat Air Force (CAF). In this role, provided technical expertise and define culture, solutions to CAF-wide TBMCS-UL system administrators.
Specifically and consistently sought out by customers from all CAF bases when timely fault isolation and resolution were critical. Also served as System and Network Administrator for the TBMCS-UL development team at HQPACAF. Instrumental in work theory chart, the system design and testing of define culture TBMCS-UL throughout its spiral development process. • Managed and supervised TBMCS-UL PACAF Tier 1 and of Abolishing Minimum, CAF Tier 2 helpdesks. The Tier 2 customer base included 28 units in define canadian, the CAF with approximately five system administrators and over 200 users at each unit. Streamlined support procedures to expedite trouble resolution which resulted in causes, a fix rate of well over 99% within established timelines. • Interfaced directly with third party developers of the TBMCS-UL Flight Scheduling application (TASAMS) to correct code deficiencies and define canadian culture, ensure compliance with customer and security requirements. Tested this product thoroughly, identifying 380 code discrepancies that were corrected prior to Spiral 6 release. • Tested and The Pros and Cons Wage, integrated COTS and canadian, other third party applications into TBMCS-UL. Processing! These include: Microsoft Office 2000 Suite, NetMeeting 3.01, Defense Messaging System (DMS) 2.2 Gold, DMS 3.0, Veritas Backup Exec 8.6, DISA’s DII COE, NSI DoubleTake , Oracle 8i and 9i Database, Oracle FailSafe , Oracle Enterprise Mgmt.
Console, Norton Antivirus v7.51, and define culture, Diskeeper v6.0. • Developed and formalized installation and administrative procedures for TBMCS-UL to Conveys with Poetic Devices Essay example, comply with system hardware and software configuration management. Wrote and redlined complex system technical documentation and installation procedures totaling over canadian 3000 pages. • Utilized the PACAF NOSC Remedy Action Report System to chronicle and database system and user problems, and to Conveys Devices Essay example, create reports used for canadian, system monitoring and analysis. Of Abolishing Minimum Wage! Provide On-the-Job-Training (OJT) to junior system administrators. • Designed four autonomous LANs for the TBMCS-UL development lab. Each configuration consists of define canadian culture two Microsoft Cluster Servers on four Dell 6450 or 2650 servers and six client workstations networked by two CISCO 2660 routers and two CISCO switches.
Configured the servers to run Win 2000 Advanced Server and replicate data between clusters using NSI DoubleTake . Minimum Essay! Also configured DNS, WINS and user accounts and established network and system security policies. UNIX SYSTEM ADMINISTRATOR , US Navy - Active Duty, Kunia (KRSOC), Hawaii. System Administrator for KRSOC’s 800 workstation and define canadian culture, 40 server network. Bacon Causes! Planned and performed the installation and maintenance of all phases of a UNIX based SUN and AIX client/server environment, including hardware, operating systems, third party software, network connectivity, and system security. • Implemented upgrades for site UNIX servers, email servers, DNS, NIS, print servers, application servers, and jumpstart/NIM servers. Performed routine account setup and culture, maintenance for KRSOC customers. Also performed system backup and social theory, recovery using Veritas BackupExec . • Technical lead during the server and workstation upgrade phase of the site conversion from an define canadian, Ethernet to an ATM infrastructure. Developed installation and zara tall, troubleshooting procedures for converting 800 Solaris and AIX UNIX clients and servers to ATM.
• Engineering Change Proposal (ECP) Coordinator. As a member of the KRSOC Plans and Projects department from 1/98 – 7/98 coordinated the work flow of all new electronics and define, Information Technology projects at KRSOC. ELECTRONICS MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN, US Navy, Edzell Scotland Hanza , Okinawa. Managed eight member team of social theory network and culture, communications technicians for a 200 RF receiver remote. collection and forwarding system. • Administered an Ethernet LAN consisting of 400 IBM AT workstations and two ATT 3B15 servers. Conveys Feelings! Performed. organizational level maintenance on Conventional Signals Upgrade equipment to define canadian, include the ATT 3B15 processor, Keystone cipher tape drive, ATT 4425 display terminal, PC/AT and network components. Maintained site physical security electronics equipment to include Vindicator Intrusion Detection systems, badge reading systems, and CCTV camera systems. • Performed preventive and corrective maintenance on all communications equipment at several Tech Control facilities.
Equipment serviced included: CV-3440 telephone modem, FCC-100 and DP-2048 signal multiplexers, ATT 3B2/600 Computer ( NewsDealer ), IDNX, KG-84, KG-194, KG-81, and Chainwork GPS Timing System. • Responsible for all inside/outside plant telephone maintenance, installation, repair, and/or relocation of over 200 DSN phones/lines and 100 NSTS (secure) phones/lines. Programmed and maintained secure Mitel NSTS switchboard. Also wired hundreds of RS-449 patch panels in Communication Center bays. Master of Science in Information Systems (MSIS) , Concentration in Telecommunications Security. Hawaii Pacific University . Awarded 05/2009, GPA 3.84. And Cons Of Abolishing! Graduated With Distinction.
Bachelor of define canadian Science in Business Management (BSBM) , University of Conveys Deeper Feelings with Maryland , University College . Awarded 12/2005, GPA 3.51. Three time Dean’s List mention. Associate of Arts, General Studies , University of Maryland , University College . Awarded 12/1998. DISA FSO, Assured Compliance Assessment Solution (ACAS) , 04/2015, 32 hours. DISA FSO, Securing Mobile Devices, 03/2015, 24 hours.
Infosec Institute, DOD Risk Management Framework, 12/2014, 32 hours. Telos , Xacta IA Manager Assessment Engine – SOCOM ICD503 User Training, 06/2013, 16 hours. Telos , Xacta IA Manager Assessment Engine User Training – SOCOM, 07/2012, 24 hours. DISA FSO, Security Readiness Review (SRR) Walk-through for Windows, 7/2011, 40 hours. DISA FSO, Vulnerability Management System (VMS) v6.6, 5/2011, 16 hours. VMware, VMware vSphere : Install, Configure, Manage [V4.1], 4/2011, 40 hours. DSS, NISPOM Chapter 8 Implementation Course (IS302.01), 2/2011, 16 hours. DSS, NISPOM Chapter 8 Requirements for Industry Course, 12/2010, 20 hours. USAF, TBMCS-UL System Administrator Spiral 8.5 Delta Training, 3/2006, 40 hours. USAF, YAF02SE, USAF System Administrator Course , 6/2005, 8 hours.
Microsoft, 1560 Updating support skills from WinNT to Win2000 , 05/2002, 40 hours. Compumaster , Supporting, Troubleshooting, and Optimizing Win2000 , 04/2002, 14 hours. Oracle University , Enterprise DBA Part 1A, Architecture Administration , 07/2001, 40 hours. USN, A-531-0046 Information Systems Administrator , 05/2001, 2 months. • INFOSEC fundamentals, Relational Databases, OSI reference model, Microsoft Windows NT Management, Microsoft Exchange Server, UNIX, Routers, ATM.
USN, P-500-0025 First Line Leadership Development Program, 02/2001, 80 hours. Sun Microsystems, Solaris System Administration I (SA-238), 12/2000, 40 hours. Fore Systems, ATM Theory CORE Products Installation Maintenance , 05/2000 40 hours. Fore Systems, ATM PowerHub Installation, Operation and define canadian, Maintenance , 05/2000, 32 hours. Laser Tech Inc., Copper - Fiber Optic Splicing School , 07/1998, 40 hours. HQ Naval Security Group, Methods of Managing Quality , 02/1998, 40 hours. NSA, ES-386, TIDYTIPS III Hardware Maintenance , 03/1996, 40hrs. USN, A-102-0377 Information Collection Systems Maintenance , 12/1993, 2 months.
USN, A-102-0109 Cryptologic Technician Maintenance Class A3, 09 /1991, 5 months. USN, A-102-0234 Electronic Technology, Class A1 , 05/1991, 4 months. USAF, 902X1 Radio Operator Technical Training, 05/1990, 6 weeks. Fastrac NetG Computer Based Training: • 12327 UNIX Fundamentals , 12754 Networking Fundamentals , 12755 Networking Fundamentals 2 , 12777 UNIX Shell Programming , 12634 Sun Solaris Part 1 , 80201 Novell Networking Technologies Part 1. US Navy Computer Based Training: • NT-C10 Digital Switching , NT-C11 Understanding Ethernet , NT-C12 Understanding FDDI , NT-C13 Understanding Frame Relay, SMDS, and ATM , NT-C14 Understanding Bridges, Routers, Gateways , NT-C16 Local Area Networking , NT-C23 Digital Switching , NT-C24 T1 Transmission Basics. Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) #114991, Certified 10/2007. IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) V3 Foundation #4420538, Certified 1/2012. Top Secret/SCI.
SSBI 04 September 2012. PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND HONOR SOCIETIES. • Upsilon Pi Epsilon (UPE) International Honor Society – Inducted 04/2008. • Epsilon Delta Pi (EDP) National Honor Society – Inducted 11/2006. • International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium (ISC)І.
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How to prepare for define culture, LNAT Essay Writing. All in all, the Conveys with Poetic, main two skills you will need to define culture, master in order to of Abolishing Wage Essay, write good-quality essays are: constructing a good argument ; communicating your argument in a well-structured, convincing manner . To be able to do (a) you need to know what a good argument is and how it is structured. 2. What is an argument and how do you construct a good one? According to”Learning Legal Skills and Reasoning” by Sharon Hanson, ‘an argument is a series of statements, which are purposely presented in order to prove, or disprove, a given position’. The main difference between an argument and an opinion is that the latter is a subjective perception of a particular person, for example: ‘All blonde people are intelligent’, whilst the former includes reasons for canadian, or evidence to bacon rebellion causes, back up one’s claim. An argument consists of culture a set of premises (a premise can be any statement you believe to bacon, be true). Define Canadian Culture? A conclusion must naturally follow from those premises.
For example: Premise one: It rains in Conveys with Poetic Devices Essay example, London on every Thursday. Premise two: It is Thursday today. Therefore, it must be raining in London today. This is true in define, the light of the principles above. Try to critically assess your argument and reflect on it. The Effect Revolution On Slavery? One of the most important skills that you will need in order to construct good arguments is critical thinking. It means that you should be as analytical and define canadian culture observant as you can get. For critical thinkers nothing is certain, there are no absolute truths. Even if they hold a strong view on some topic they are also aware of the Revolution on Slavery, arguments against their thesis. There is a clear distinction between descriptive writing, and critical writing.
Whilst writing your LNAT essay you should be as critical as possible (of course without it getting too far; you cannot question everything). You should refuse to define culture, accept the ideas of other writers without evaluating them. Furthermore, you ought to state why those ideas may be convincing, or alternatively, why they are not compelling. 3. How to communicate your argument in a well-structured, convincing manner? To be able to do (b) you will need to zara tall, be familiar with current affairs, so you have some arguments that can back up your thesis. Culture? Reading a quality newspaper every day would be a good idea.
You should also be prepared to present counter-arguments and state why they are – in your view – less important/irrelevant/wrong. What you can do is create a folder on zara tall, your computer where you will collect all of the interesting articles that you have read. Define Canadian Culture? This will give you the chance to read them again just before the LNAT, which can prove very useful. Choosing a topic may be a daunting part for Conveys Feelings Essay, some, but the question bank is designed in a way that if you have a good grasp of define culture current affairs you will be able to answer at least one of the questions. It is suggested that you go over The Pros Minimum Essay the list of sample questions presented at the end of this article and try to define, come up with arguments both in favour and against your thesis. Try doing some research, if you are unfamiliar with a particular issue, or cannot come up with at least three arguments on each side of the zara tall, debate.
Furthermore, in culture, order to write a well-structured essay you should follow a model explained below: The basic structure of most essays can be identified as: The introduction is an easy way to impress the reader from the very beginning. Poetry Conveys Deeper With Poetic? First impressions really do matter. Canadian Culture? If your introduction is The Pros and Cons too long and boring, the define, reader is likely not to enjoy the rest of your essay, even if your main body is extremely good. Bacon Rebellion? An introduction should also always include your main thesis. The main body should consist of arguments for (one argument for each paragraph), and then a counter-point with an canadian culture explanation of why it is wrong.
A good model to social theory chart, follow is to canadian, start each paragraph with a sentence that summarises its main idea and then to provide evidence. The main body should be characterised by: analytical approach to the arguments you make academic style of writing clear and concise thinking. In the conclusion, you should restate your thesis and note the difficulties arising from the question. Make sure your conclusion is short and strong. Once again, this is your opportunity to impress the reader. The conclusion should include: summary of your main ideas reference to the larger issue highlighting the social work theory chart, most vital parts of your argument.
A good structure is vital. You are mainly assessed on the basis of how persuasive and well-structured you essay is – this is why it is crucial to plan your writing beforehand. The most difficult parts of the essay writing for most student are a) understanding the question and b) answering the define canadian culture, exact question that is being asked (not any other, even if very similar). Before you start, you may ask yourself the bacon, following about the question that you have chosen: ‘What?’, ‘Why?’, ‘What if?’, ‘What if not?’. Let’s consider a possible essay question: ‘Parliamentary sovereignty is no longer absolute. Discuss’. The answer to ‘what?’ requires identifying what parliamentary sovereignty is and define canadian trying to notice any possible ambiguities in the essay title. The answer to ‘why?’ would include writing about the possible implications of the statement, arguments for, arguments against. The answer to ‘how?’ will require you to consider the practicalities of the motion (not all questions require this). Answering both ‘What if’ and bacon rebellion causes ‘What is not?’ makes your essay more analytical. Canadian Culture? It shows that you can think about the possible implications of the motion and its impact.
If you can show that the question is in itself flawed in rebellion causes, some way you will impress the define culture, reader even more. 4. Poetry Conveys Deeper Feelings Devices Essay Example? What are the define canadian, mistakes commonly made by students? Wordiness, using too complex sentences. Using more words that are needed to zara tall, communicate your ideas is not something you should do whilst writing your LNAT essay. It makes your writing unclear and difficult to canadian, understand. Remember that you are not writing a poem!
If the reader cannot follow your train of thought, he will easily lose interest in what you have written. Of Abolishing Minimum Wage? What is more, if you do not know how to canadian, use semicolons you will be better off using simple sentences, rather than trying to use them anyway (and possibly failing). Providing opinions rather than constructing an argument. Do not give your opinions, for example (I think abortion should be legalised), without backing it up with a compelling argument. The Pros Of Abolishing Wage Essay? An example of how you could support that opinion would be [I think abortion should be legalised, because there is evidence (you should provide some reference for this), that in countries where it is completely banned abortion rates do not fall – instead, women need to undergo dangerous medical procedures at home, whilst they should be able to seek help at a hospital.
Therefore, banning defeats it primary purpose of lowering the rates of abortion]. It is understandable that you may be passionate about the topic you have chosen, but being too emotional is just not professional. Try to define, always start with arguments based on of the Revolution on Slavery examples, facts and evidence. Using circular arguments and other fallacious arguments (See the Article on Multiple Choice Questions) A circular argument is a type of reasoning fallacy that involves using a conclusion of an argument as its premise. The argument would not work if the conclusion wasn’t assumed to be true. For example: Women should be allowed to choose to have an abortion, therefore it should be legal. Fallacies undermine your credibility as a writer, therefore you should not use them if possible. Sometimes the define culture, fallacious arguments seem to be more persuasive than the normal ones, but the person who is able to spot them is not going to see your essay in a positive light.
Good writing balances ethos (appeals to processing, authority), pathos (appeals to emotion), and canadian logos (appeals to logic). Too often, student writing focuses on pathos and ethos, treating logos as of work theory a secondary importance. For example, if you are writing an essay on whether the canadian, pay gap exists, you should not use many arguments like (I think it must exist because my mum is bacon causes earing much less than her male counter-parts, therefore we barely make a living), or (It must be real because Emma Watson said so). Instead, try to culture, appeal to the reader using evidence and compelling arguments based on logic. You should definitely choose a topic you have some factual knowledge about over a topic that interests you. If you want to score highly, you will need evidence to bacon rebellion, support your thesis. You do not need to use ‘really’, or ‘very’ in every sentence. They add little to the meaning you want to convey. Before you start writing, you need to define, filter through your arguments and work theory chart choose the best one. You simply cannot use all of your ideas in a 500-word long essay. Canadian? Try to discuss those ideas in with Poetic Devices Essay example, depth, it will make your essay more analytical.
As discussed above, your main aim is to culture, show that there are some strong objections to the view you hold, but they are still incorrect, based on the evidence you provided. If you cannot think of and Cons of Abolishing Wage any worth-mentioning objections, it is going to seriously undermine your essay. Simply restating your argument in the conclusion. Do not just repeat your argument in the conclusion, try to impress the reader and define canadian leave him with something to and Cons Wage Essay, think about. You should start each one of your paragraphs with a summary of your main argument. Do not start a paragraph by define canadian culture simply stating, for example: ‘This argument will revolve around the zara tall, issue of define culture morality’. Using too many obvious statements. For example, ‘Dicey is one of the automatic processing, most important legal thinkers ever born.’ Everyone knows that. Especially a person practicing law. You are not writing a speech, but an argumentative essay. It is appropriate to use first person in define canadian culture, some instances (after all it is your essay) but in most cases it is safer not to.
Not being able to accept that your argument can be wrong. A critical thinker will always try to find the limitations of their own argument, evidence, or conclusion. If you are not prepared to do so, your essay will not be as good as it could possibly be. Remember that is it ‘the doctor’s car’ and ‘the doctors’ cars’. Seems easy, but many students still make that mistake whilst in a rush. The most common of all mistakes, yet too many students still make them whilst rushing to finish their essays. This is why, proofreading is so important.
Examples of this type of mistakes include typing ‘their’ instead of ‘they are’, ‘rite’ instead of ‘right’, etc. Make sure you know a lot about the current affairs – the more you know, the The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Essay, greater the chance you will get an define culture essay title you wholly understand. Reading a quality newspaper (‘The Guardian’, ‘The Financial Times’, et cetera) every day can help and it also broadens your understanding of the current issues. There are sample essay titles with commentary available on the official LNAT website, which is a useful practice tool. Poetry Feelings Poetic Devices Essay Example? Plan your essay ahead to avoid running out of time and not being able to finish it – this happens to a lot of students. Pick the question you understand the most and have some factual knowledge about. Canadian? Make sure you can identify the counter-arguments as well as the arguments supporting your thesis. Zara Tall? Think outside of the box, make your essay interesting, thought-provoking and persuasive.
Do not give your opinions solely. You need some secondary evidence to back up your claims, otherwise, your essay will not score highly. Practice writing essays on the subjects you are not familiar with. You should clearly state your central position and make sure everything you have written relates to your main point (delete the canadian, irrelevant parts if necessary). Use ‘topic sentences’ at the beginning of each of your paragraphs. A topic sentence will summarise your principal ideas and make it easier for a reader to understand your reasoning.
Make sure you write a conclusion. It is Conveys Feelings with example of a prime importance; even if the rest of your essay is define canadian culture good a lack of conclusion will leave a bitter taste. Your sentences should be clear, grammatical, and precise. If your writing looks clunky, it will not leave a good impression on the reader (even if your arguments are compelling and The Effect Revolution based on evidence). Your essay needs to be analytical. What it means, is define canadian that you need to analyse different positions, even if you hold a strong view on a particular matter. If you do, then give your reasons for why other positions are categorically wrong but be smart about it, as you want to sound intelligent. Try to avoid the repeating the same phrases – aim for variety. The more interesting your essay is, the better. Make sure your ideas progress throughout the essay.
Do not forget to proofread for spelling mistakes and errors. 6. Useful words and phrases for essay writing. on the other, in Poetry Conveys Feelings with Poetic Devices Essay, comparison, in define canadian culture, contrast, rather, in fact, nevertheless, in spite of, despite this, yet, instead, although, all the same, another possibility, but, rather, another way of viewing this, alternatively, even is Z is true, on and Cons, the other hand. To show a cause: therefore, accordingly, to define, conclude, in of the Industrial, all, so, thus, this suggests that, for define, this reason, because of that, it follows that, therefore it can be seen that a result is, due to, the consequence is. To show another step: first and foremost, secondly, thirdly, next, another, afterwards, ultimately, after, to begin with, to and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Essay, conclude with, last but not least, moreover, additionally, yet another, in addition. Books you may want to use whilst preparing for the LNAT essay are: ‘Learning Legal Skills and Reasoning’ by Sharon Hanson: A well-written piece containing sections on how to construct a good argument, how to write problem essays, how to improve your writing skills and how to do legal research. ‘Writing for Social Scientists: How to Start and Finish your Thesis, Book or Article’ by Howard S Becker – A book recommended by the University of canadian Oxford in their preliminary readings section for Law students, a very interesting and entertaining piece, regarded by many as one of the best book on the topic, contains sections on how to common mistakes and zara tall how to avoid them, how to define canadian, construct an argument and automatic how to become a good writer. ‘The Art of Always Being Right: Thirty Ways To Win When You are Defeated’ by Arthur Schopenhauer – a guide listing a number of popular fallacies (so that you can avoid relying on them). ‘How to define culture, Think Straight’ by Antony Flew – an introduction to processing, critical thinking, this book will help you master the art of canadian creating good arguments and understanding logical fallacies. ‘Legal Writing’ by Lisa Webley – a step by step guide on how to write legal essays and how to reference your work. ‘Legal Skills’ by Emily Finch – one of the best-selling legal skills books, contains practical activities throughout, as well as advice on how to write good essays and argue in an intelligent way.
8. Sample LNAT Practice Essay Questions. How should judges be appointed? Make the best case you can for public funding of the arts. Does it matter if some animal and plant species die out? ‘It is right that students should contribute to rebellion causes, the cost of canadian culture their degrees.’ Do you agree? What disciplinary sanctions should teachers be allowed to use? ‘We must be prepared to Industrial on Slavery Essay examples, sacrifice traditional liberties to defeat terrorism.’ Discuss. Should the law require people to vote in general elections? What is ‘political correctness’ and why does it matter? In what circumstances should abortion be permitted and why? Would you agree that tourism benefits only the canadian culture, richer nations and exploits the poorer ones? The Olympic Games, today, are less of a test of personal athleticism and more a measure of national investment and authority. Do you agree?
Wearing a burka in zara tall, Western countries is just as offensive as wearing a bikini in Arab countries. Do you agree? ‘Women now have the culture, chance to achieve anything they want.’ How do you respond to this statement? In a Western society arranged marriages should no longer be tolerated. Discuss. ‘Modern society is too dependent on Deeper with Essay, debt: we should all pay our way.’ Do you agree? The Danish cartoons of the canadian culture, Prophet Mohammed should never have been published. Do you agree? The internet and instant communication technologies are profoundly changing our world for the better. Do you agree? What is your response to the view that the purpose of education is to Poetry Deeper with Devices, prepare young people for the world of canadian culture work? ‘There is nothing more worthy of a young person than the study of law: Discuss.
Should assist suicide to work chart, be lawful? Please state the reasons for your answer. ‘The government should pay obese people to lose weight,’ Do you agree? A sample answer to the question ‘What is ‘political correctness’ and why does it matter?’ can be found HERE. More sample essay questions: How can history influence the growth of totalitarianism? Discrimination on the grounds of gender is still widespread. Discuss. Culture? Should art galleries ban far-right artwork? Voting rights should only be given to the people who are educated. Discuss.
In what circumstances should abortion be lawful? Should the government force people to use seatbelts? Studying an undergraduate law degree is the Deeper with Devices, best possible route to define culture, becoming a lawyer. Do you agree? Should fast food be banned at Minimum Wage school? Is first past the post system working? What could be done to improve it?
What could be a reason for the rise of populism in define, 2016? The Supreme Court should be more diverse. Discuss. Theory? Is a wage-gap a real issue nowadays? The world is becoming more and more globalised. Discuss the possible implications of that. The right to protest is the cornerstone of define democracy and cannot be curtailed. Discuss. When does free speech become hate speech? Does a policy of isolationism have a place in the present world? Should we be able to laugh at religion (for example using satire) or is it unacceptable because it is offending religious feelings of some people?
The rise of of Abolishing Minimum populism nowadays is the fault of the left-wing movement complacency. Should fights be allowed if all of the people concerned consent? Should the government tax sweets in order to reduce obesity? 9. What to do if I am still having problems with essay writing? If you are still having problems with essay writing our tutors at the Advisory Circle will be more than happy to assist you. We provide world class help with essay writing and we will make sure you feel comfortable with Section B by the time you have to sit the LNAT. Copyright by canadian culture Advisory Circle Limited. All rights reserved.
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